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What are the common Lab Instruments?


Laboratory instruments (Lab Instruments) are used for scientific research, experimental analysis and data collection, covering a variety of fields. The following are some common laboratory instruments:

Microscope: Used to magnify tiny objects in order to observe their details and structures.

Spectrophotometer: It is used to measure the absorption spectrum of substances at different wavelengths, and is often used in analytical chemistry and biochemical research.

Chromatograph: Such as gas chromatograph and liquid chromatograph, used to separate and analyze different components in a mixture.

Mass Spectrometer (Mass Spectrometer): It is used to analyze the molecular structure and composition of compounds and can be used in combination with a chromatograph.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR): Used to analyze the structure and composition of molecules, often used in organic chemistry research.

Thermal Analyzer: such as Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA), used to analyze the thermal properties of samples under temperature and time changes.

Electron Microscope (Electron Microscope): Such as Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscope (Transmission Electron Microscope, TEM), used to observe microstructure.

Spectrometer: It is used to measure the frequency, wavelength and intensity of light, including ultraviolet-visible spectrometer and infrared spectrometer.

Electrochemical Workstation (Electrochemical Workstation): Used to study electrochemical reactions and electrochemical properties, such as corrosion, electrolysis and batteries.

Constant temperature incubator (CO2 Incubator): Used for cell culture and biological experiments, providing constant temperature, humidity and carbon dioxide concentration.

Centrifuge (Centrifuge): Used to separate solid and liquid components in a sample by generating centrifugal force through rapid rotation.

pH meter (pH Meter): Used to measure the acidity and alkalinity of a solution and evaluate the pH value.

Electrophoresis System (Electrophoresis System): Used to separate and analyze DNA, RNA, protein and other biomolecules.

Reactor: It is used to carry out chemical reactions and control reaction conditions such as temperature, pressure and stirring speed.

Fluorometer: It is used to measure the fluorescence intensity of fluorescent substances, and is widely used in biological and analytical chemistry research.

The above are just some common laboratory instruments, in fact there are many other types of instruments, covering many fields such as chemistry, biology, physics, medicine and so on. Different laboratories and research directions may require different types of instruments to support experiments and research work.


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